Tick population has seen a major inflation the past few years. With the increasing population of ticks, there has been a subsequent rise in the tick-borne diseases among people. Especially with the quickly approach spring and summer seasons, people have started partaking in outdoor activities like gardening, hiking, picnicking, etc.
This is where they face these blood-sucking parasites which can be the reason of many serious diseases. A few common diseases that can be caused due to tick bites include ehrlichiosis, Lyme disease, tularemia, and Rocky-mountain spotted fever. This is why there is a need to follow proper tick control and prevention methods to keep yourself and your family safe from them.
Types of Ticks
Let us look at the most common type of ticks and the diseases caused by them:
- Dermacentor Variabilis- Commonly known as the Dog Tick, it can cause tularemia and Rocky-mountain spotted fever.
- Lxodes Scapulars- Commonly known as the Deer Tick, can cause babesiosis and the Lyme disease.
- Ambylomma Americanum- Also known as the lone star tick, this type of tick can cause diseases like rash illness and ehrlichiosis.
Tips for Tick Control and Prevention
Every person who has frequent outdoor work or lives near to dense gardens or woodlands needs to know how to effectively prevent ticks from infesting their house and biting them. Here are 10 tips through which you can do just that!
- Ticks can be commonly found in bushes, trees and in tall grasses. Therefore, it is best to stay away from them, or you may end up with ticks crawling up your legs and clothes. It is advised to always walk on trails. If your house has a lawn with over-grown grass, it is best to get it trimmed regularly.
- Woodland creatures like deer, dogs, and mice are the main carrier of ticks. Therefore, if your house is situated near a forest or woodland, you must install deer fences to keep such animals away from your house. If you have adopted any pets, make sure to check them regularly for these small parasites.
- If you have to go outdoors for a long period of time, wear long sleeved shirts and long pants that are light in colors, like beige. The more effective way of wearing your pants is to tuck its ends into socks. This can prevent ticks from reaching your skin.
- For people who have a yard in their house and have a love for gardening, a good option is to plant tick repelling plants. Plants of lavender, sage, pyrethrum, garlic, pennyroyal, and eucalyptus are a few such tick repelling plants.
- When going out of your house, you can use chemical repellents to ward of ticks. There are many chemical sprays and natural ingredients which can be used for this purpose. Spray repellents which have either 20% or more concentration of picaridin, IR3535, or DEET prove to be very helpful. Also, natural things like garlic oil, fungus, essential oils, etc. can also repel ticks.
- Whenever you come back home from outdoors, make sure you check your cloths for ticks before entering your house. Also, take a bath within 2 hours of returning to wash off unattached ticks. This reduces the risks of sustaining the Lyme disease.
- If you can afford to, you can adopt farm animals like guinea hens, chickens, and ducks. These animals can help keep the population of ticks around your house in check.
- If you feel that ticks may be present on your clothes, then the best way to kill and remove them is by first putting them in the dryer for at least 15 minutes. Then you can wash and dry your clothes again. Ticks are very hard to kill and therefore, simple washing your clothes will not do the trick. The heat from the dryer will however, can solve this problem easily.
- If you find a tick on or around you, do not kill it by smashing it with your thumb. This can make the toxins present in the tick to go inside you. The best way of disposing a tick is to drown it in kerosene or alcohol to kill it, or wrapping it is a duct tape and then flushing it down your toilet.
- The right way of removing a tick who has attached itself on you is to use tweezer to hold the tick from as close to the skin as possible pulling it quickly without twisting its head. If the head of the tick gets stuck into your skin, you should refrain from rubbing or scratching it. After removing the tick, make sure you disinfect your skin properly.
Keeping these tips and tricks in mind can help you save yourself from any tick-borne diseases!